The information presented below is intended to offer the user more details about the placement, use and administration of the “cookies” used by the website www.https://mrcharge.eu/. There are also some useful links related to this topic. If you need more information, and it is not found below, you can contact the controller at firstname.lastname@example.org.
What is a “cookie”?
An “Internet Cookie” (term also known as “browser cookie” or “HTTP cookie” or simply “cookie”) is a small file, consisting of letters and numbers, which will be stored on the computer, mobile terminal, or other equipment of a user from which the Internet is accessed.
The cookie is installed through the request issued by a web server to a browser (eg: Internet Explorer, Chrome) and is completely “passive” (does not contain software programs, viruses or spyware and cannot access the information on the user’s hard drive).
A cookie consists of 2 parts: the name and the content or value of the cookie. Furthermore, the lifetime of a cookie is determined; technically, only the web server that sent the cookie can access it again when a user returns to the website associated with that web server. Cookies themselves do not require personal information to be used and, in most cases, do not personally identify Internet users.
There are 2 large categories of cookies:
- Session cookies – these are temporarily stored in the cookie folder of the web browser so that it remembers them until the user leaves the respective website or closes the browser window (eg: when logging in/out on a webmail or social media account)
- Persistent Cookies – These are stored on the hard drive of a computer or device (and generally depend on the lifetime of the cookie). Persistent cookies also include those placed by a website other than the one the user is currently visiting – known as ‘third party cookies’ – which can be used anonymously to remember a user’s interests so that advertising is delivered as relevant to users as possible
What are the advantages of cookies?
A cookie contains information that connects a web browser (the user) and a specific web server (the website). If a browser accesses that web server again, it can read the information already stored and react accordingly. Cookies provide users with a pleasant browsing experience and support the efforts of many websites to provide comfortable services to users: e.g. – online privacy preferences, site language options, shopping baskets or relevant advertising.
What is the lifespan of a cookie?
Cookies are managed by web servers. The lifetime of a cookie can vary significantly, depending on the purpose for which it is placed. Some cookies are used exclusively for a single session (session cookies) and are no longer retained once the user has left the website and some cookies are retained and reused each time the user returns to that website (‘permanent cookies’). However, cookies can be deleted by a user at any time through the browser settings.
What are cookies placed by third parties?
Certain sections of content on some sites may be provided through third parties/providers (eg: news box, a video, or an advertisement). These third parties can also place cookies through the website, and they are called “third party cookies” because they are not placed by the owner of the respective website. Third-party providers that must also comply with applicable law and the website owner’s privacy policies include, but are not limited to, Google Analytics and Right Now.
How are cookies used by this site?
A visit to this website may place cookies for the purposes of:
• Strictly necessary cookies
These files are strictly necessary for the operation of the website, including those for saving/processing the options expressed by you regarding Cookie Technologies. They do not require your consent for placement/access and cannot be deactivated.
• Functional cookies
These files allow the website to offer enhanced and personalized functionality, for example the retention of personal browsing preferences and login data, playing videos or the possibility of live chat. They may be added by us or by third-party providers whose services we have added to our pages (Vendors). If you do not allow the placement/access of these files, some or all of these services may not function properly. Selecting the general option Active (YES) for this purpose also implies your consent to the placement/access of information through Cookie Technologies.
- Ensuring security, fraud prevention and troubleshooting
Your data may be used to monitor and prevent fraudulent activity and to ensure the proper and secure operation of systems and processes.
- Technical provision of advertisements or content
Your device may receive and send information that allows you to view and interact with advertisements and content.
Measurement and analysis cookies (statistics)
These files allow us to count visits and traffic sources so that we can measure and improve the performance of our website. These help us know the most popular or least popular pages and see how visitors move around the website. If you do not allow the placement/access of these files, we will not know when you visited our website, and we will not be able to monitor its performance. Selecting the general option Active (YES) for this purpose also implies your consent to the placement/access of information through Cookie Technologies.
These files are added to our website by our advertising vendor partners (Vendors). These may be used by these companies to create a profile of your interests and to show you advertising tailored to your interests and behavior, including on other websites. They work by uniquely identifying your browser and device. If you do not allow the placement/access of these files, you will be shown advertising not tailored to your profile. Selecting the general option Active (YES) for this purpose also implies your consent to the placement/access of information through Cookie Technologies.
With the exception of the cookies strictly necessary for the website to function, your consent is required for all other categories of cookies.
The category of functional and marketing cookies (targeted advertising) also includes cookies such as Google Analytics that transfer data to the United States of America, to Google Inc. After invalidating the Privacy Shield, the legal basis for this transfer is your consent, which you can express by setting the cookies in the cookie bar and at any other time by pressing the preferences management button.
What type of information is stored and accessed through cookies?
Cookies store information in a small text file that allows a website to recognize a browser. The web server will recognize the browser until the cookie expires or is deleted.
The cookie stores important information that improves the Internet browsing experience (eg: language settings in which a website is accessed; keeping a user logged in to the webmail account; online banking security; keeping products in the shopping cart).
Why are cookies important to the Internet?
Cookies are central to the efficient functioning of the Internet, helping to generate a friendly browsing experience adapted to the preferences and interests of each user. Refusing or disabling cookies may make some sites unusable.
Rejecting or deactivating cookies does not mean that you will no longer receive online advertising – only that it will no longer be able to consider your preferences and interests, highlighted by your browsing behavior.
Examples of important uses of cookies (which do not require the authentication of a user through an account):
- Content and services adapted to the user’s preferences – categories of news, weather, sports, maps, public and government services, entertainment sites and travel services.
- Offers tailored to user interests – password retention, language preferences (Ex: display of search results in a preferred language).
- Retention of child protection filters regarding Internet content (family mode options, safe search functions).
- Limiting the frequency of serving ads – limiting the number of times an ad is shown to a specific user on a site.
- Providing more relevant advertising to the user.
- Measurement, optimization and analytics features – such as confirming a certain level of traffic on a website, what type of content is viewed and how a user arrives at a website (e.g. through search engines, directly, from other websites etc.). The websites carry out these analyzes of their use in order to improve the sites for the benefit of the users.
Security and privacy issues
Cookies are NOT viruses! They use plain text formats. They are not made up of pieces of code so they cannot be executed or auto-run. Consequently, they cannot be duplicated or replicated to other networks to run or replicate again. Since they cannot perform these functions, they cannot be considered viruses.
Cookies can still be used for negative purposes. Because they store information about users’ preferences and browsing history, both on a particular site and across multiple sites, cookies can be used as a form of Spyware. Many anti-spyware products are aware of this fact and constantly mark cookies for deletion during anti-virus/anti-spyware deletion/scanning procedures.
In general, browsers have integrated privacy settings that provide different levels of cookie acceptance, validity period and automatic deletion after the user has visited a certain site.
Other security aspects related to cookies
Since identity protection is very valuable and is the right of every Internet user, it is advisable to know what possible problems cookies can create. Because through them information is constantly transmitted in both directions between the browser and the website, if an attacker or unauthorized person intervenes during the data transmission, the information contained in the cookie can be intercepted. Although very rare, this can happen if the browser connects to the server using an unencrypted network (e.g. an unsecured WiFi network).
Other cookie-based attacks involve missetting cookies on servers. If a website does not require the browser to use only encrypted channels, attackers can use this vulnerability to trick browsers into sending information over unsecured channels. Attackers then use the information to gain unauthorized access to certain websites. It is very important to be careful in choosing the most appropriate method of protecting personal information.
Tips for safe and responsible browsing, based on cookies.
Here are some tips that can ensure that you browse without worries but with the help of cookies:
- Customize your browser cookie settings to reflect a comfortable level of cookie security for you.
- If you don’t mind cookies and you are the only person using the computer, you can set long expiration periods for storing your browsing history and personal access data.
- If you share computer access, you may consider setting your browser to delete individual browsing data each time you close the browser. This is an option to access sites that place cookies and delete any visit information when you close the browsing session.
- Always install and update your antispyware applications.
Many spywares detection and prevention applications include detection of site attacks. Thus, it prevents the browser from accessing websites that might exploit browser vulnerabilities or download dangerous software. Make sure your browser is always up to date. Many of the cookie-based attacks are carried out by exploiting the weak points of old versions of browsers.
Cookies are everywhere and cannot be avoided if you want to enjoy access to the best and biggest sites on the Internet – local or international. With a clear understanding of how they work and the benefits they bring, you can take the necessary security measures so that you can navigate the Internet with confidence.
How can I stop cookies?
On our website, you can change your initial preferences at any time by pressing the preferences management button.
To learn more about cookies, including how to view the types of cookies that have been installed and how to manage and delete them, visit wikipedia.org, http://www.youronlinechoices.com/ro,
https://allaboutcookies.org/ or www.aboutmodulcookies.org.
All modern browsers offer the possibility to change cookie settings. These settings are usually found in the “options” or “preferences” menu of your browser.